abdul kalam biography in english

Dr. Abdul Kalam Biography in ENGLISH - Dr. Abdul Kalam Biography

APJ Abdul Kalam's full name is Abul Pakir ZainulaAbdin Abdul Kalam, known as Missile Man and President of the People, who was the eleventh elected President of the Indian Republic and the first non-politician President to hold the post. And got due to special contribution in science.

abdul kalam biography in english

He has worked as a scientist for four decades and worked in some important organizations of the country (DRDO and ISRO). He played an important role in the Pokharan II nuclear test in the year 1949.

Dr. Abdul Kalam was also associated with India's space and missile development program. Because of which he was called 'Missile Man'. Kalam ji was the President of India from 2002-04. After that he returned to teaching, writing and public service. He was honored with several prestigious awards including Bharat Ratna, India's highest civilian honor.


Name - Abul Pakir Jainulaabdin Abdul Kalam, APJ Abdul Kalam

Born - October 15, 1931

Place of Birth - Dhanushkodi, Rameswaram, Tamil Nadu

Death - 27th July 2015

Teaching - St. Joseph's College, Tiruchirappalli

Madras Institute of Technology

Father's Name - Janula Abedin Mercury

Mother's Name - Aashi Amma Jainula Abedin


With regard to Abul Pakir Zainul Abadin Abdul Kalam, his colleagues say that he is not only hundred percent but two hundred percent Indian. He has tried to give India the best position on many fronts.

He has also placed India sixth in the important countries of the world in the direction of successful launch of satellites. 'Agni' and 'Prithvi' missiles have been discussed all over the world.

Many countries have seen it with envy but this Indian scientist, who was born in Dhanushkoti in Rameswaram district of Tamil Nadu, did not manufacture these armaments with the idea of ​​invading any country, but according to the Indian government's security policy of the country. Is

This is the reason that where they have increased the honor and capabilities of India, their honor has emerged on the international map.

Where was Abdul Kalam born and studied?

Abdul Kalam was born in a Muslim family of a village named Dhanushkodi in Rameswaram district of Tamil Nadu. Dr. Kalam's father was not rich, he used to build boats and used to rent it to fishermen.

Abdul Kalam lived in a joint family. He had five brothers and five sisters. His father had a great influence on his life. Newspapers coming from different places of India used to reach Rameswaram by car and one of Dr. Kalam's relatives had the agency of newspapers.

He had a special influence on Abdul Kalam. Because of that, there was also a desire to gain more and more knowledge from them. This person inspired him to study further and get higher education.

He was initiated into the Panchayat Primary School in Rameswaram at the age of five. He completed his studies from Ramanathapuram Schwartz Matriculation School. Kalam graduated in astronomy from the Madras Institute of Technology in 1950.

In the same institute, he was attracted towards the study of aircraft components. It is here that he cherished the hope that he would become an aircraft pilot. But his desire could not succeed due to his health weakness. 

How was Abdul Kalam's scientific life?

Kalam entered the Defense Research and Development Institute and worked on the hovercraft project. In 1972 he came to the Indian Space Research Organization where he successfully played his role in many satellite launch projects.

He was instrumental in the construction of India's first indigenous satellite launch vehicle SLV 3. Subsequently, the Rohini satellite was successfully launched into space in July 1972.

He is also given the credit for raising the ISRO Launch Vehicle Program. Kalam designed the indigenous target piercing controlled missile. Kalam Julai was the science advisor to the Defense Minister and secretary of the Department of Security Research and Development from 1992 to December 19. They used the strategic missile system as firearms.

Kalam gave a specific thought to make India's development level state of the art in science by 2020. He was also the Chief Scientific Advisor to the Government of India. Due to his works and successes, Dr. Kalam became very famous in India and he was named among the greatest scientists of the country.

His fame had grown so much that the then Prime Minister Indira Gandhi gave him permission to work on some secret projects without the approval of his cabinet. In the year 1919, Kalam developed a low-cost coronary stent with cardiac physician Soma Raju. It was named as 'Kalam-Raju Stent'.

abdul kalam biography in hindi

Abdul Kalam How was the presidential period?

The government made him the presidential candidate in 2002. He was sworn in as the 11th President of India on 25 July 2002. Dr. Kalam was the third President of the country who had been awarded the Bharat Ratna even before he was made President.

Though Abdul Kalam was not a person from the political arena, but due to nationalist thinking and India's welfare policies, he can be considered to be somewhat politically prosperous. He was called the 'President of the people' during his tenure.

At the end of his term, he also expressed his desire for a second term, but due to lack of opinion of political parties, he gave up this idea. Mother Teresa Biography in Hindi

What did Kalam do after his release from the presidency?

After his release from the post of President, Kalam kept himself busy with the work of teaching, writing, guidance and research and was associated with visiting institutions like Indian Institute of Management Shillong, Indian Institute of Management Ahmedabad, Indian Institute of Management Indore as a visiting professor.

And he was also a Fellow of Indian Institute of Science Bangalore, Chancellor of Indian Institute of Space Science and Technology, Thiruvananthapuram, Professor of Aerospace Engineering at Anna University Chennai. Kalam always wished that the future of the youth should be better.

For this reason, he started the initiative "What can I give - what can I give to the movement" for the youth of the country, whose purpose is to eliminate corruption. Considering his popularity among the youth of the country, 2 times (2003 and 2007) he was awarded 'M.T.V. He was also nominated for the Youth Icon of the Year Award.

In the 2011 Hindi film I Am Kalam, Kalam's positive impact on a bright child was portrayed. In his honor, that child Chhotu, who is a Rajasthani boy, changes his name to Kalam.

Kalam was criticized by civilian groups for his stand at the Kudankulam nuclear plant. He supported the setting up of the power plant. Jethalal - Dilip Joshi Biography.

What books did Dr. Kalam write?

  1. India 2020: A Vision for the New Millennium
  2. Wings of Fire: An Autobiography
  3. 'Ignited Minds: Unshilling the Power Within India'
  4. Mission india
  5. Indomitable spirit
  6. My Journey
  7. India - My Dream

How did Abdul Kalam die?

Dr. Kalam was giving a lecture on 'Resizable Planet' at the Indian Institute of Management Shillong on the evening of 24 July 2015 when he suffered a massive cardiac arrest and fainted.

He was taken in a critical condition at Bethany Hospital at around 7:30 pm and died after two hours. Hospital CEO John Silo said that Kalam was left with his pulse and blood pressure when he was brought to the hospital.

Meghalaya Governor V. Shadmukhanathan, after hearing the news of Abdul Kalam's admission in the hospital, reached the hospital directly. Later, Shatmukhanathan told that he died at 8:45 pm even after trying to save Kalam.

How was Abdul Kalam cremated?

Kalam's body was brought to Guwahati from Shillong in an Indian Air Force helicopter after his death, and the next day on 28th July, Kalam's body was brought to Delhi on Tuesday afternoon by Air Force aircraft C-130J Hercules.

The aircraft reached Palam Airport at around 12:15 pm. There, Prime Minister Narendra Modi, President Pranab Mukherjee, Delhi Chief Minister Arvind Kejriwal and the heads of the three armies led it and offered flowers on Kalam's body.

After this, Kalam's body wrapped in tricolor was taken to his residence at 10 Rajaji Marg. Many people including former Prime Minister Manmohan Singh, Congress President Sonia Gandhi, Rahul Gandhi and Uttar Pradesh Chief Minister Akhilesh Yadav paid tributes here.

The government announced a seven-day state mourning as a mark of respect to Dr. Kalam. On the morning of 29 July, Kalam's body wrapped in the Indian flag from Air Force aircraft C-130J was brought to Palam Air Base and from there reached Madurai Airport in the afternoon.

His body is represented by the heads of the three armies and national and state dignitaries, Cabinet Ministers Manohar Parrikar, Venkaiah Naidu, Pon Radhakrishnan and the Governors of Tamil Nadu and Meghalaya K. Rosaiah and V.V. Conspiracy: Obtained at the airport.

After a brief ceremony, his body was brought to Mandapam in an Air Force helicopter and from there his hometown Rameswaram was sent in an army truck. They were displayed in an open area in front of the local bus station so that the public could pay their last tribute.

On 30th July 2015, former President Kalam was buried with full respect at P Karumbu Ground in Rameswaram. More than 350,000 people attended the funeral including Prime Minister Narendra Modi, Governor of Tamil Nadu and Chief Ministers of Karnataka, Kerala and Andhra Pradesh.

How did people react to Kalam's death?

After Kalam's death, many works were done to pay tribute to the former President across the country and in social media. Narendra Modi said, "Kalam's death is a big loss for the scientific community. He took India to great heights. He showed us the way.

"Former Prime Minister Manmohan Singh who served as Prime Minister along with Kalam said," With his death our country has lost a great man who made an unprecedented contribution to promoting self-reliance in our country's defense technology. " Is

I have worked very closely with Kalam as Prime Minister. I benefited from his advice as the President of our country. His life and work will be remembered for generations to come. " The Dalai Lama expressed his grief, calling Kalam's death "an irreparable loss". He said, "Over the years, I had the opportunity to interact with Kalam on several occasions.

He was not only a great scientist, educationist and politician, but he was a genuine gentleman, and I have always admired his simplicity and humility. I enjoyed our discussions on a wide range of topics of general interest, but with science, spirituality, and education, there was mainly discussion among us. "

The Government of Bhutan ordered the flag of the country to be hoisted at half height to mourn Kalam's death and presented 1000 butter lamps in tribute. Bhutan's Prime Minister Shering Tobgay said, "He was a great leader whom everyone admired, especially the laudable leader of India's youth whom he called the President of the people."

Bangladesh Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina said, "A great politician, acclaimed scientist and a source of inspiration for the younger generation of South Asia", she described Kalam's death as "beyond irreparable loss to India". He also said that we are shocked at the demise of the famous son of India, former President. APJ Abdul Kalam was one of the greatest scholars of his time.

He was also highly respected in Bangladesh. He will always be remembered by everyone for his invaluable contribution to India's growth in science and technology. He was a source of inspiration for the younger generation of South Asia who gave wings to their dreams. " Bangladesh Nationalist Party chief Khaleda Jia said, "As a nuclear scientist, he has dedicated himself to the welfare of the people."

The Nepali Prime Minister said, "Nepal has lost a good friend and I have lost a respected and ideal person." Pakistan President Mamnoon Hussain and Pakistan Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif expressed grief, condolences and condolences to the former President on his death.

Sri Lankan President Sirisena said, "Kalam Dridh was a man of faith and indomitable spirit. I saw him as an outstanding politician of the world. His death is an irreparable loss not only to India but to the whole world. "

Indonesian President Susilo Bambnag Yudhoyono, Prime Minister of Malaysia Najib Razzaq, Prime Minister of Singapore Lee Sian Lung, UAE President Sheikh Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan and other international leaders, including the Prime Minister of UAE and the ruler of Dubai also paid tribute to Kalam Offered

Russian President Vladimir Putin said, "Kalam will be remembered as an exponent of the continuous friendly relations between our countries, he made a personal contribution to social, economic, scientific and technological progress in ensuring India's national security." They did a lot to add mutually beneficial Russian-Indian cooperation. "

US President Barack Obama said, "On behalf of the American people, I am the former Indian President A.P.J. I want to extend my deepest condolences to the people of Bhaftrat on the death of Abdul Kalam. A scientist and politician, Kalam earned respect by his humility at home and abroad and became one of the greatest leaders of India.

Dr. Kalam always advocated for strong Indo-US relations. During a visit to the United States in 1972, he worked with NASA to deepen space cooperation.

During his tenure as the 11th President of India, US-India relations witnessed unprecedented growth. The aptly named "People's President (President of the people)" provided an inspiration to millions of Indians and fans around the world with public service, humility and dedication. "

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